NAFTA Termination and its Immigration Impact

The Trump Administration’s threats to terminate the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) are causing concern at companies across the United States that have long used NAFTA to recruit professional employees from Canada and Mexico under the Trade NAFTA Visa (TN Visa).

The TN Visa allows citizens of Canada and Mexico to work temporarily in the United States in prearranged business activities for U.S. or foreign employers, as NAFTA professionals.  Canadian and Mexican citizens eligible for the non-immigrant TN Visa must seek entry into the United States to work in a prearranged full-time or part-time professional position that is on the approved professions NAFTA list.  The list currently comprises 67 NAFTA-approved professions, including accountants, agriculturists, astronomers, architects, chemists, dentists, doctors, engineers, graphic designers, lawyers, nurses, pharmacists, professors, scientists, software developers, social workers, and veterinarians.  The TN Visa, unlike other employment-based visas, can be obtained at the U.S. border with Canada or Mexico, and